New Tougher Child Restraint Law

Here are the main components of the new law:

  • Children under 1 year of age or weighing less than 20 pounds to be in a backward-facing child- passenger restraint system in the rear seat, if available.
  • Children 1-3 years old and weighing 20 pounds or more would have to be in a child safety seat in a face-forward position in the back seat, if available.
  • Children 4-8 years old and less than 5 feet tall would have to be in a belt-positioning booster seat in the back seat, if available.
  • Children 9-13 years old or any child less than 5 feet tall to use a seat-belt system. It is recommended that this age group be in the rear seat if available.
  • Children 13-16 years old and 5 feet or more tall could use a seat-belt system anywhere in the car.

Always Remember Before Each Ride…

  • Place your infant in the child safety seat on the first ride home from the hospital. Children who ride in safety seats as infants are much easier to keep in the seats as toddlers.
  • Never hold a child in your lap while riding.
  • Send in the car seat registration card to be notified in case your car seat is recalled.
  • Always follow the manufacturer’s instructions for correct installation.
  • Get a tight fit–the seat should not move more than one inch from side to side or toward the front of the vehicle.
  • Be consistent! Correctly buckle the car seat into the vehicle on every ride.
  • Remember, infants face backward. Toddlers face forward. The rear seat is the safest place in the vehicle.
  • Never secure an infant in the front seat of a vehicle with a passenger air bag. The back seat is the safest place for children of any age.
  • Never use a car seat that has been involved in a crash.
    Set a good example by using your safety belt every time you travel.


Infant rear-facing car seats are designed for babies until at least one year old and 20-30 pounds.* Infants must ride in the back seat facing the rear of the vehicle. This offers the best protection for the infant’s neck. Never put an infant in the front seat of a vehicle with a passenger air bag.

Rear-facing car seats can be infant or convertible models. A rear-facing seat should recline at a 45 degree angle to keep a baby’s head from rolling forward and blocking their airway. Keep harness straps snug (allow one finger of space under the harness at the collarbone) and fasten harness clip at armpit level.

Some models have a base that can be left installed in the vehicle while the seat is used to carry the baby. If the car seat has a carrying handle, put it down while in the vehicle.

*Some newer infant-only models are designed for babies up to 30 pounds.


Children over one year old and between 20 and 40 pounds can be in forward-facing car seats. Forward-facing seats can be convertible, integrated* or forward-facing only models.

Place the car seat in upright position. Fasten the harness clip at armpit level. Keep harness straps snug. Route harness straps in upper slots at or above shoulder level.

*Integrated (built-in) seats eliminate compatibility issues because they are anchored directly to the vehicle.

Small Children

Children between 40 and 80 pounds (usually 4 to 8 years old) should be in booster seats. Booster seats are designed for children who have outgrown a convertible child safety seat.

All booster child restraints are designed for forward-facing use only. Some booster seats must be used with both lap and shoulder belts.

There are three types of auto booster seats: shield booster, belt-positioning booster (base only) and high-back belt positioning booster. If a child’s ears are above the level of the vehicle’s back seat, a high back booster seat is needed to protect the head.

Older Children

Usually children over 80 pounds and eight years old can fit correctly in lap/shoulder belts. Lap and shoulder belts should fit low over the hips and upper thighs and snug over the shoulders.

Never put shoulder belts under a child’s arm or behind the back. Review your owner’s manual to fully understand how your safety belts work.